The prevalence and characteristics of hypermucoviscous (HV) strains among Klebsiella pneumoniae isolated in Russian hospitals were investigated. The HV strains accounted for 11% of the K. pneumoniae isolates collected in the period from 2011 to 2016, and were characterized as belonging to the K1, K2, K20 and K57 serotypes. Whole genome sequences (WGSs) of K. pneumoniae HV clinical strains KPi261 (SCPM-O-B-7850) and KPB4010 (SCPM-O-B-7846) belonging to the K1 and K2 capsular types, as well as WGSs of K. pneumoniae strain KPM9 (SCPM-O-B-7749) of the K20 capsular type isolated from freshwater, were completed. The final draft genome sequences of KPi261, KPB4010 and KPM9 strains consisted of 5 719 189, 5 431 785 and 5 427 926 bp with 57.0, 57.1 and 57.4% GC content, respectively. The chromosomal and plasmid genes associated with K. pneumoniae virulence including the capsular polysaccharide synthesis gene cluster, mucoid phenotype regulator rmpA and transcriptional activator rmpA2, the all operon associated with allantoin metabolism, the kfu operon involved in iron uptake, the aerobactin-producing system iucABCDiutA, and the iron-transport systems iroBCDN and fecIRA were detected.