Gallbladder cancer is a rare neoplasm with a poor prognosis. Early diagnosis and correct treatment strategy is important. The aim of this study was to identify predictors for incidental gallbladder cancer.
Data from cholecystectomies registered in the nationwide Swedish Register for Gallstone Surgery between 2007 and 2014 were analyzed for incidental gallbladder cancer. Exclusion criteria were patients with a gallbladder not sent for histopathology, preoperative suspicion of polyps/gallbladder cancer, and indication for operation for other reasons than gallstone disease. Predictive factors for incidental gallbladder cancer were identified using multivariable logistic regression.
A total of 86,154 procedures were registered in the Swedish Register for Gallstone Surgery. Of these, 36,355 patients were included in the analysis, and 215 of the included patients had incidental gallbladder cancer (0.59%). Mean age was 70 ± 11 years for index cases and 54 ± 16 years for the control group, and 80% of cases and 60% of controls were female. Predictors for incidental gallbladder cancer were older age (odds ratio = 1.08; P