This study aimed to evaluate the implementation of nonantibiotic management of acute uncomplicated diverticulitis at a large university hospital in Norway with regard to management failure, disease recurrence and complications.
On 1 January 2013 we implemented a new policy for the management of acute uncomplicated diverticulitis without antibiotics. Antibiotic treatment was only provided in the case of defined criteria. All patients admitted from 1 January 2013 to 30 June 2014 with a CT-verified, left-sided, acute uncomplicated diverticulitis were included in the study and evaluated retrospectively, with 12 months' follow-up.
Of 244 admissions with acute uncomplicated diverticulitis, 177 (73%) were managed without antibiotics. Among these there were seven (4%) management failures, including five patients in whom a deteriorating clinical picture prompted antibiotic treatment and two readmissions within 1 month due to persisting symptoms. The only complication in this group was one fistula (