To analyse if peer academic detailing by experienced general practitioners (GPs) could be a useful way to change Medical Doctors, (MDs) prescription of antibiotics for acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs) in out-of-hours service.
An educational Intervention study based on prescription data among MDs working in an out-of-hours service from June 2006 through October 2008. Specially trained GPs lectured a peer educational program (3?×?45 minutes) about use of antibiotics for ARTIs according to national recommendations.
The type and frequency of antibiotics prescribed for different ARTIs before and after intervention comparing the intervention group with the control group.
22 MDs in the intervention group and 31 MDs in the control group.
The intervention group showed an overall statistically significantly absolute increase in the use of penicillin V (Penicillin V) of 9.8% (95% CI: 2.3%-17.4% p?