After repair of oesophageal atresia (OA), the need for endoscopic follow-up (EFU) remains unclear. To end this, we assessed the trends of oesophageal mucosal changes in successive follow-up biopsies.
EFU records of 264 patients including histological grades of oesophagitis (from 0 to III), gastric (GM) or intestinal (IM) metaplasia and dysplasia (mild to severe) at 1, 3, 5 10, 15, and >15 years after repair of OA were reviewed.
Included were 209 patients with 616 biopsies. A total of 60 patients had undergone antireflux surgery and 24 had long-gap OA (LG). Median follow-up was 12 (range 1-17) years with 3 (1-6) endoscopies per patient. Highest grade of oesophagitis was Gr 0 (no oesophagitis) in 47%, Gr I in 37%, and Gr II or III in 16%. Metaplasia, GM (n?=?31), IM (n?=?4), occurred in 17% of patients and reached 15% prevalence by 15 years. Dysplasia and cancer were not found. From 1 to 15 years after repair grade of histological oesophagitis often fluctuated between Gr 0 and Gr I, but further progression was unlikely, hazard ratio?=?0.2-3.4 (95% confidence interval 0.0-29), P?=?0.06-0.87. LG and antireflux surgery predicted early detection of metaplasia (P