Responsiveness to GH treatment can be estimated by both growth and ?IGF-I. The primary aim of the present study was to investigate if mimicking the physiological increase during puberty in GH secretion, by using a higher GH dose could lead to pubertal IGFs in short children with low GH secretion. The secondary aim was to explore the relationship between IGF-I, IGFBP-3 and the IGF-I/IGFBP-3 ratio and gain in height.
A multicentre, randomized, clinical trial (TRN88-177) in 104 children (90 boys), who had received GH 33 µg/kg/day during at least 1 prepubertal year. They were followed from GH start to adult height (mean, 7.5 years; range, 4.6-10.7). At onset of puberty, children were randomized into three groups, to receive 67 µg/kg/day (GH(67)) given once (GH(67x1); n?=?30) or divided into two daily injection (GH(33x2); n?=?36), or to remain on a single 33 µg/kg/day dose (GH(33x1); n?=?38). The outcome measures were change and obtained mean on-treatment IGF-I(SDS), IGFBP3(SDS) and IGF-I/IGFBP3 ratio(SDS) during prepuberty and puberty. These variables were assessed in relation to prepubertal, pubertal and total gain in heightSDS.
Mean prepubertal increases 1 year after GH start were: 2.1 IGF-I(SDS), 0.6 IGFBP3(SDS) and 1.5 IGF-I/IGFBP3ratio(SDS). A significant positive correlation was found between prepubertal ?IGFs and both prepubertal and total gain in height(SDS). During puberty changes in IGFs were GH dose-dependent: mean pubertal level of IGF-I(SDS) was higher in GH(67) vs GH(33) (p?=?0.031). First year pubertal ?IGF-I(SDS) was significantly higher in the GH(67)vs GH(33) group (0.5 vs -0.1, respectively, p?=?0.007), as well as ?IGF-I(SDS) to the pubertal mean level (0.2 vs -0.2, p?=?0.028). In multivariate analyses, the prepubertal increase in '?IGF-I(SDS) from GH start' and the 'GH dose-dependent pubertal ?IGF-I(SDS)' were the most important variables for explaining variation in prepubertal (21 %), pubertal (26 %) and total (28 %) gain in height(SDS).
TRN 88-177, not applicable 1988.
The dose-dependent change in IGFs was related to a dose-dependent pubertal gain in height(SDS). The attempt to mimic normal physiology by giving a higher GH dose during puberty was associated with both an increase in IGF-I and a dose-dependent gain in height(SDS).