Several North American studies have observed survival benefit in patients exposed to ß-blockers following traumatic brain injury (TBI). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of ß-blockade on mortality in a Swedish cohort of isolated severe TBI patients.
The trauma registry of an urban academic trauma center was queried to identify patients with an isolated severe TBI between 1/2007 and 12/2011. Isolated severe TBI was defined as an intracranial injury with an Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS)=3 excluding extra-cranial injuries AIS=3. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to determine the effect of ß-blocker exposure on mortality. Also, a subgroup analysis was performed to investigate the risk of mortality in patients on pre-admission ß-blocker versus not and the effect of specific type of ß-blocker on the overall outcome.
Overall, 874 patients met the study criteria. Of these, 33% (n=287) were exposed to ß-blockers during their hospital admission. The exposed patients were older (62±16 years vs. 49±21 years, p