The purpose of this study is to investigate the association between migration status and education level and the use of recommended drugs after first acute myocardial infarction (MI).
A nationwide cohort study performed in Sweden from January 1, 2006 to August 1, 2008. The cohort consisted of 49,037 incident cases of first acute MI. In total, 37,570 individuals survived 180 days after MI, of whom 4782 (12.7%) were foreign-born. We used logistic regression to estimate the odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) of the association between migration status and education level and prescribed drugs after MI.
One third of the patients who were not on any recommended cardiovascular drugs before MI continued to be without recommended cardiovascular drugs after MI. Among those with no cardiovascular drugs before MI, we found no difference in recommended drug use after MI by migration status (OR 1.00, 95% CI 0.89-1.12). Among those with some but not all recommended cardiovascular drugs before MI, foreign-born cases had a slightly non-significant lower use of recommended drugs (OR 0.92, 95% CI 0.83-1.03). Foreign-born patients with low education had a slightly lower use of recommended drug compared to Sweden-born. Women with low education had a lower use of drugs after MI (Sweden born, OR 0.85; 95% CI 0.74-0.96 and foreign born OR 0.51; 95% CI 0.34-0.77).
There is no apparent difference between foreign-born and Sweden-born in recommended drug use after MI. However, our study reveals an inequity in secondary prevention therapy after myocardial infarction by education level.