Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), N-terminal-proBNP (NT-proBNP), and high sensitive cardiac troponin T (TnT) are markers that are elevated in chronic kidney disease and correlate with increased risk of mortality. Data are conflicting on the effect of biomarker levels by hemodialysis (HD).Our aim was to clarify to what extent HD with low-flux (LF) versus high-flux (HF) membranes affects the plasma levels of BNP, NT-proBNP, and TnT.
31 HD patients were included in a crossover design, randomized to start dialysis with a LF-HD or HF-HD dialyzer. Each patient was his/her own control. The dialyses included in the study were the first treatments of two consecutive weeks with each mode of dialysis. Patients normally on hemodiafiltration (HDF) also performed a HDF the third week. Values after HD were corrected for extent of ultrafiltration.
During LF-HD the biomarkers NT-proBNP and TnT increased (15 versus 6%, P = .001) while there was a slight decrease in BNP (P