The objective was to describe pregnancy outcomes in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in comparison with general population in Sweden.
A population-based retrospective study using University hospital records and Swedish Medical Birth Register was carried out on pregnant women with well-monitored GDM (n = 870) and pregnancies in the Swedish Medical Birth Register (n = 1 553 420). Data from GDM pregnancies was compared to pregnancies in the whole of Sweden during 1995-2010. The main outcome measures were age, first bodyweight in and weight gain during pregnancy, birthweight, gestational length, percentage of cesarean deliveries.
First maternal bodyweight during the GDM pregnancy was higher than in the general population, 72.4 ± 17.4 kg (n = 837) vs. 67.3 ± 12.6 kg (n = 1 383 000; p