In this cohort of severely obese children and adolescents in Sweden we investigate the prevalence of impaired fasting glucose (IFG), impaired glucose tolerance, (IGT) and silent type 2 diabetes (T2D), in relation to insulin resistance, insulin secretion, disposition index and cardio respiratory fitness.
A total of 134 obese children and adolescents [57 females, 77 males, age 13.7 ± 2.7, body mass index (BMI) standard deviation score (SDS) 3.6 ± 0.6] consecutively referred to the National Childhood Obesity Centre performed an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance test (fs-IVGTT), dual X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), bicycle ergometer test and fasting levels of glucose, insulin and c-peptide were obtained and homeostatic model of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) was calculated.
Isolated impaired fasting glucose (i-IFG) were present in 35.8 and 6% had isolated IGT. Combined IGT and IFG were present in 14.2%. The subjects with combined IGT/IFG had significantly lower acute insulin response (AIR) compared with subjects who had normal glucose metabolism or i-IFG (p