To investigate whether having multiple risk factors for cardio-metabolic disease is associated with objectively measured physical activity or sedentary behavior within a sample of Yakut (Sakha) of Siberia.
This cross sectional study involved 63 Yakut adults (32 men) who were measured for cardio-metabolic risk factors. Free living physical activity and sedentary behavior were calculated from waist accelerometry. Correlations and t-tests were used to assess the relationship between moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), sedentary behavior (SB), and individual risk factors and clustering of risk factors.
These Yakut were physically active, with 54.4% spending at least 30 min in MVPA, with men being more active than women and women having less favorable cardio-metabolic profiles. These Yakut spent about 7.5 h in SB a day. SB was not related to cardio-metabolic risk factors. MVPA was significantly and negatively related to waist circumference and risk factor clustering in men and the total sample. MVPA was not related to women's risk factors.
Objectively measured physical activity was related to lower risk of cardio-metabolic risk factor clustering within this sample of Yakut men, but not women. SB was not related to cardio-metabolic indicators. Physical activity may contribute to a reduction in clustering of metabolic risk factors within indigenous circumpolar populations.