The aim of this study was to review the indications and the results of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) procedures in Icelandic children.
A retrospective review of all pediatric PEG procedures performed in Iceland in 1999-2010 was conducted. Diagnosis, demographics, complications, and body mass index were recorded.
Ninety-eight children (51 girls) were included. Median age was 2 years (range, 1 month-17 years). The most common diagnosis was neurological disease (56%). Median length of stay was 4 days (range, 1-189 days). Extended length of stay was not related to PEG. Before surgery, median body mass index (BMI) was 14.5?kg/m(2) (range, 9.8-20.8?kg/m(2)), and the median BMI-for-age z-score was -1.4 (range, -5.9 to 3.0). One year after surgery, median BMI was 15.3?kg/m(2) (range, 11.2-22.1?kg/m(2)), and median BMI-for-age z-score was -0.5 (range, -5.1 to 3.8). The median weight increased significantly in 1 year by 1.0 standard deviation (P