To estimate temporal trends in incidence and hospital mortality after cardiac arrest in Finnish intensive care units.
Using a large nationwide intensive care unit (ICU) database we identified patients suffering from cardiac arrest following ICU admission (ICU-CA) during the study period (2003-2013). ICU-CA was defined as need for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and/or defibrillation (non-arrest cardioversions were excluded) according to the Therapeutic Intervention Scoring System-76. Patients admitted with an admission diagnosis of cardiac arrest were excluded. We determined crude incidence and risk-adjusted hospital mortality (based on a customized severity of illness model) for all ICU-CA patients, and for predefined admission diagnosis subgroups. Temporal trends for the observed period were calculated for crude incidence and risk-adjusted hospital mortality.
Crude incidence for all ICU-CA patients was 29/1,000 ICU admissions, with the highest incidence 118/1,000 in the non-operative cardiovascular subgroup. Overall hospital mortality for ICU-CA patients was 55.5% [95% confidence interval (CI) 54-57%]. Hospital mortality was 53.1% (95% CI 50.4-55.8%) for non-operative cardiovascular ICU-CA patients, 32.9% (95% CI 26.9-38.9%) for post cardiac surgery ICU-CA patients, and 56.3% (95% CI 51.2-61.3%) for neurological/neurosurgical ICU-CA patients. There was a significant reduction in the overall ICU-CA incidence and in the risk-adjusted hospital mortality of ICU-CA and non-cardiac arrest cases (non-CA) over the observed study period (p
Comment In: Intensive Care Med. 2015 Feb;41(2):38225614055