The surveillance of the serotype pattern and antibiotic resistance of S. pneumoniae in various geographical regions is required for the validity of rational etiotrophic therapy of pneumococcal infections and the choice of the optimal vaccines for their prophylaxis. 250 S. pneumoniae isolates from children with acute otitis or pneumonia and healthy carriers in St. Petersburg in 2010-2013 were investigated. The analysis of the serotype pattern of the pneumococci showed that 13-valent conjugate vaccine was the most active (86.1% of pneumococci causing pneumonia and 86.4% of pneumococci causing acute otitis). The isolates were higly resistant to beta-lactams and macrolides. By the EUCAST criteria, the decrease in the susceptibility to penicillin, cefotaxime, erythromycin and ceftarolin was observed in 32.4%, 14%, 33.2 and 6% of the isolates respectively. 22.4% of the isolates showed associate resistance to penicillin and erythromycin.. No resistance to moxifloxacin was detected. The frequency of resistance to tetracycline, co-trimoxasole and chloramphenicol in various patients ranged within 30-50%. The prevalence of the antibiotic resistance was mainly characteristic of the isolates serotypes 19A, 19F, 14 and serogroup 6.