Ruptured infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (rAAAs) represent both a life-threatening emergency for the affected patient and a considerable health burden globally. The aim of this study was to investigate the contemporary epidemiology of rAAA in a defined Norwegian population for which both hospital and autopsy data were available.
This was a retrospective, single-center population-based study of rAAA. The study includes all consecutively diagnosed prehospital and in-hospital cases of rAAA in the catchment area of Stavanger University Hospital between January 2000 and December 2012. Incidence and mortality rates (crude and adjusted) were calculated using national demographic data.
A total of 216 patients with primary rAAA were identified. The adjusted incidence rate for the study period was 11.0 per 100,000 per year (95% confidence interval [CI], 9.6-12.5). Twenty patients died out of the hospital, and 144 of the 196 patients (73%) admitted to the hospital underwent surgery. The intervention rate varied from 48% to 81% during the study period. The adjusted mortality rate was 7.5 per 100,000 per year (95% CI, 6.3-8.8). No differences in the incidence and mortality rates were found in comparing early and late periods. The 90-day standardized mortality ratio for the study period was 37.2 (95% CI, 31.6-43.7). The overall 90-day mortality was 68% (146 of 216 persons) and 51% (74 of 144 persons) for the patients treated for rAAA.
We found a stable incidence and mortality rate during a decade. The prehospital death rate was lower (9%), the intervention rate (73%) higher, and the total mortality (68%) lower than in most other studies. Geographic and regional differences may influence the epidemiologic description of rAAA and hence should be taken into consideration in comparing outcomes for in-hospital mortality and intervention rates.