To investigate the incidence of sleep-related breathing disorders (SRBDs) in patients with active acromegaly (AM), to specify risk factors influencing apnea/hypopnea index (AHI), and to reveal the specific features of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in patients with AM versus those with OSA without AM.
Fifty patients with active AM were examined and divided into 3 groups: control group 1 did not differ from the study group in body mass index (BMI); control group 2 did not similar in AHI from the AM group. Polysomnography was done in all the patients.
SRBDs were detected in 40 (80%) patients. Obstructive apnea was found in all cases. Correlation analysis revealed the relationships between AHI and gender (AHI was higher in the men), BMI, disease duration, and insulin-like growth factor 1 (GF-1). There were no correlations between AHI and gender, maximum adenoma size, and growth hormone levels. Compared with control group 1, the AM group had a statistically significantly higher median AHI [16 (1-92) and 4.7 (0-31.3) episodes per hour of sleep (p