A dietary intervention study to reduce risk factors for coronary heart disease was carried out among 30 free-living middle-aged couples in North Karelia, Eastern Finland. During the study, the subjects changed their normal diet for six weeks. The main changes in the diet were decrease in the consumption of fat (from 39% to 24% of total calories), increase in the P:S ratio from 0.15 to 1.22, and increased consumption of fruit and vegetables. The changes in the food consumption pattern were facilitated by giving the families free food items, such as skim milk, vegetable margarine, vegetables, and fruit. The food consumption and nutrient intakes were measured by food consumption records kept every other day. Also, duplicate diets were collected once during each study period for chemical analysis. Compliance with the dietary changes was better than expected, and the acceptability and the palatability of the diet were reported to be good. The decrease in the fat content of the diet increased the nutrient density of the diet; i.e., the concentration of vitamins and minerals improved. This study showed how even more drastic dietary changes than those recommended by health authorities can be realized among ordinary Finnish people.