The results obtained in the electrophoretic study of the plasmid spectra of 190 Y. pseudotuberculosis strains, isolated from different sources, in 0.6% agarose gel are presented. 11 types of plasmids differing in their molecular weight have been detected. Plasmids with a molecular weight of 45 MD determine Ca2+ dependence, bacterial virulence for white mice and autoagglutination. The presence of differences in Y. pseudotuberculosis strains of serovars I, III and IV has been established, which is manifested by their differing plasmid spectra. The relationship between the presence of plasmids with a molecular weight of 75 and 45 DM in the strains and the character of pseudotuberculosis morbidity in the population has been demonstrated. The epidemic course of infection correlates with the presence of both these plasmids and the sporadic course of infection, with the presence of the plasmid with a molecular weight of 45 MD only.