A 5-year experience with fluorographic examination of the population of Leningrad is described. The data show that it is untimely to prolong the intervals between check fluorographic examinations. Difficulties in forming the risk groups are also indicated. Ways for improving organization of fluorographic examinations by using the available reserves are defined. On the whole, the present arrangement of prophylactic fluorographic examinations is rather efficient in regard to early detection of many pulmonary diseases including tuberculosis and peripheral cancer of the lungs.