The relationship between the Test of Nonverbal Intelligence (TONI) and the WISC-R was investigated for cultural differences. The samples consisted of 30 suburban and 22 Native children who were referred for learning difficulties. The results indicated the suburban group was higher than the Native group on Verbal IQ, but not Performance IQ, Full Scale IQ, or the TONI Quotient. The correlation coefficient between the TONI Quotient and PIQ was as expected in the Native group, but unexpectedly low in the suburban group. Implications of these findings for the testing of both referred majority and Native group members are discussed.