Tuberculosis morbidity in penitentiary-labour establishments (PLE) is scores of times higher than that among the population on the formation of which it has an influence. Study of the epidemiologic process patterns in PLE and specific features of tuberculosis in convicts is a necessary condition for the development of effective antituberculous measures. Analysis of the structure of newly-diagnosed tuberculosis in convicts has demonstrated that tuberculosis prevailed among subjects aged 30 years (49.2%) and in those at the age of 30-39 years (38.4%). The clinical structure is predominated by infiltrative (57.4%) and focal (36.4%) forms, while fibrocavernous and cirrhotic forms are absent. The organization of measures aimed at the timely detection of tuberculosis in convicts was found to have a number of defects, which contribute to tuberculous infection spread among subjects staying in PLE.