Vitamin B12 and folate status was determined in 50 male and 47 female free-living subjects (65-77 years) in winter and summer. The mean intake calculated from 3-day food records met the Canadian recommended intake (RNI) for both gender and season, however, probability analysis of dietary data revealed a number of subjects at risk of deficiency. Although the mean plasma levels were within the acceptable range for both vitamins, some 9 to 14% of individual subjects had folate plasma levels below normal. Fewer subjects had subnormal plasma vitamin B12 levels. Although mean values for dietary intake and plasma concentration of folate and vitamin B12 may indicate nutritional adequacy, a proportion of an older population may be at nutritional risk.