The paper is a fragment of a comparative clinico-economic study of two models of organizational forms of psychiatric services in Moscow and Kaluga with special reference to schizophrenic patients (386 and 531 patients, respectively). The authors describe the results of computing expenditures on patients depending on the sex, age, disease pattern and social factors including educational and skill levels, family status, and family structure. The values of "direct" and "indirect" expenditures on schizophrenic patients are fairly variable. There are definite significant relationships between the magnitude of these expenditures and clinico-psychopathological and social factors as is their certain stability in both patients' populations examined. The adequately designed psychiatric services, scientifically based financing of the appropriate treatment and social rehabilitation programs may have a noticeable effect on the magnitude and character of losses on the part of the state, connected with schizophrenic patients, decrease expenditures on them as well as markedly improve their social functioning.