Three hundred and eighteen (318) nursing staff members at an acute care teaching hospital in Montreal, Canada, were surveyed to identify their knowledge of pain assessment and management. Two pain instruments were combined and adapted for use. The final instrument consisted primarily of true/false responses and took about 10 min to complete. The mean score was 63.9%. Overall results indicated that nurses lacked knowledge and understanding of opioid addiction, equivalent dosing, properties of opioids, and differences in acute and chronic pain. No statistically significant differences were found in the scores by level of educational preparation or by years of experience. Presentation of the results unit by unit demonstrated that the instrument is suitable as an educational tool as well as an effective strategy to introduce nursing staff to nursing research.