In a retrospective survey, the 46 patients treated for urethral stricture at Dronning Ingrids Hospital, Nuuk, (the main hospital in Greenland) during the four year period August 1987-August 1991 are investigated, and the consequences of not treating urethral stricture are illustrated by a case. The patients are middleaged and older men generally with long and multiple strictures close to the sphincter. Gonorrhoea is the common cause of the stricture. The patients have obstructive symptoms, urinary infections and haematuria. Furthermore, nearly 1/4 of the patients have complications in the form of scrotal and perineal abscesses, and reduced renalfunction and rapidly lethal disease because of sepsis are seen. The urethral strictures tend to recur after treatment. Urethral stricture disease is undoubtedly underestimated in Greenland, and the investigation stresses this serious complication of venereal disease.