A total of 250 women, working in the same enterprise in similar conditions, with similar communal conditions were examined. The data of questionnaires and case histories evidence that 5% of women virtually never used alcohol, 85% of women used alcohol in reasonable amounts, 10% of women abused alcohol. The screening methods that were effective in examinations of men suffering from chronic alcoholism were found useless in a population of working women. That is why adequate screening methods are to be developed for the assessment of the involvement of female organs and systems. The onset of menarche is delayed in women who abuse alcohol in the period of the menstrual function development. The findings of this research are in line with the previously published data on disorders of the reproductive function in women abusing alcohol and of fetal development in case of an antenatal exposure to ethanol.