To identify factors associated with compliance in the Screening Mammography Program of British Columbia (SMPBC).
Factors associated with rescreening within 18 months (annual compliers) and between 18 to 36 months later (late compliers) were identified in a cohort of SMPBC screenees using a self-administered questionnaire.
Fewer than half of women initially screened within the SMPBC were annual compliers, nearly 40% not returning by 3 years. In women age 50+ years, annual compliers tended to have no prior mammography, no prior breast pain, a physician referral to SMPBC, and a normal initial SMPBC mammogram. Late compliers also tended to have no prior mammography, a physician referral, and a normal initial SMPBC mammogram.
Several modifiable factors associated with compliance were identified: a physician referral to the program and possibly subsequent referral back to the program after workup for an abnormal mammogram.