Routine procedures for urological investigations, treatment and follow-up of patients with monosymptomatic dipstick haematuria were studied by a questionnaire. This consisted of 13 questions and was filled in by the chief urologist in 45 (80%) of all surgical departments in Denmark. Dipstick testing was used by 98% of all departments, but only in 31% of these were the personnel reading the tests especially trained in the procedure. Cystourethroscopy and excretory urography were used in respectively 98% and 93% of the departments, although many different evaluation schedules were employed. Thirty-eight departments confirmed the initial dipstick result, of these 21 (55%) omitted further investigations in case of a negative result. Persistent monosymptomatic haematuria resulted in repeated urological examination in 36 departments (80%). The paper discusses the use of dipstick testing versus urine microscopy and gives recommendations for the investigation and follow-up of patients with monosymptomatic dipstick haematuria.