The structure of the nasal septum was studied on 34 samples obtained from dead bodies of children aged 3 to 14. The septums were removed from the skull cavity. The morphometric studies consisted of measurements of the anteroposerior, superior-inferior, septum and its area, as well as composite anatomical structures. It is shown that the size and area of the septum and its anatomical structures undergo age-specific changes which are not regular. The data should be accounted for in correction of nasal septum structural defects in children of different age.