The purpose of the study was to determine research priorities among Norwegian nurses in cancer care, and to investigate implications that these priorities might have for future planning of nursing research. Differences between specialists in cancer nursing and other nurses working in cancer care, and between the current results and earlier findings in this area also were evaluated. Half the members of The Norwegian Society of Nurses in Cancer Care (n = 197) were mailed a questionnaire used in a similar Canadian study. The nurses were asked to select the five topics they perceived as most important from a list of 80 items, and to rank them in order of research priority. The response rate was 43% (197/464), and 75 respondents were specialists in cancer nursing. Quality of life was given the highest research priority in the total sample. Psychosocial support/counseling, communication between patient and nurse, patient participation in decision making, nurse burnout, and ethics also were ranked highly. In contrast to the others, cancer nursing specialists ranked ethics as their number one priority. Except for symptom management, the priorities given in Norway and other Western countries were found to be similar. These results might suggest topics for future research tailored to the needs of cancer nursing.