We report the clinical, biochemical, and genetic characteristics of 13 hemochromatosis patients from Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean in whom the first symptoms appeared before age 30. Although the mean age at onset of the first symptoms was 21. 5 years, their mean age at diagnosis was 23.8 years; the diagnosis was particularly delayed among women. Seventy-seven percent of the patients had hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism and 69% heart failure and/or cardiac arrhythmias. Genetic analysis of the HFE gene revealed heterozygosity for the C282Y mutation in 2 patients and for the S65C mutation in 2 others and homozygosity for the H63D mutation in 1 patient. The remaining 8 patients had no identified mutation in the HFE gene, although sequencing of all seven codons and intron-exon junctions was performed (5 patients). All 13 patients fulfill the clinical criteria of juvenile hemochromatosis and represent the largest cluster thus far reported.