To obtain data on mesothelioma incidence in Central and Eastern Europe, a short questionnaire was sent to 83 researchers from 19 countries. The questions referred to the approximate number of mesotheliomas diagnosed per year in the country, degree of asbestos consumption, and percentage of lung carcinomas attributable to asbestos. Answers were received from 12 countries. For some major asbestos producers and/or consumers, such as Russia and Ukraine, mesothelioma data were unavailable or unreliable. In various countries of Central-Eastern Europe, the crude incidence of mesothelioma appeared to be lower than in Western countries. The reported annual numbers of mesotheliomas were 120 in Poland, 133 in Romania, and 78 in Hungary. Among the countries with a population of 5 million or less, the highest incidence was observed in Croatia (46 cases per year, peritoneal tumors not included). Data on the percentage of asbestos-related lung carcinomas are lacking. The knowledge about asbestos related cancer in Central and Eastern Europe remains fragmentary. Further investigations in this relevant area of public health should be encouraged.