To study the indications for liver transplantation among British Columbia's First Nation population.
A retrospective analysis of the British Columbia Transplant Society's database of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal liver transplant recipients from 1989 to 1998 was undertaken. For primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), the transplant assessment database (patients with and without transplants) was analyzed using a binomial distribution and compared with published census data regarding British Columbia's proportion of Aboriginal people.
Between 1989 and 1998, 203 transplantations were performed in 189 recipients. Fifteen recipients were Aboriginal (n=15; 7.9%). Among all recipients, the four most frequent indications for liver transplantation were hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection (n=57; 30.2%), PBC (n=34; 18.0%), alcohol (n=22; 11.6%) and autoimmune hepatitis (n=14; 7.4%). Indications for liver transplantation among Aboriginal people were PBC (n=8; 53.3%; P