The Finnish population has a high risk of coronary heart disease, which is associated to a high population level of serum total cholesterol (CHOL) already evident at early ages. The study investigated the familial aggregation of CHOL in a sample of families with young offspring from eastern Finland.
Fifteen-year-old offspring were examined during 1996-1997 and their biological parents were examined during 1993-1994. A total of 224 children were invited and 184 families participated, of which 123 were included in the analysis with complete data. The main outcome measure was the CHOL (millimoles per liter).
Significant positive familial correlations of CHOL were found for the pairs of mother/offspring (r = 0.35, P or =5 mmol/L (OR = 3.26, 95% CI = 1.2-8.9, n = 111).
The study confirmed the familial aggregation of CHOL. The consistent CHOL association between the mother and the offspring may indicate the key role of the mother for the primary prevention of hypercholesterolemia.