Studies in the Scandinavian countries have shown that orthodontists run an equal or even greater risk of contracting dermatitis compared to other dental personnel. The aim of the study was to find out whether the self-reported occupation-related health problems of general dental practitioners and orthodontists differ from those of office employees in Finland. The subjects were 147 general dentists, 81 orthodontists and 99 office employees (77% women and 23% men). The data were collected using a mailed questionnaire. Within the past year, 42% of the subjects had had occupational health problems, while 51% had experienced symptoms in the previous year or earlier. The complaints of hand dermatoses, musculoskeletal, as well as respiratory symptoms were significantly more common among women than among men. Musculoskeletal complaints were the most common symptoms in all occupational groups, but the odds ratio of having them were significantly higher for dental professionals compared to office employees. The frequency of self-reported hand dermatoses was 42% for dental professionals and 26% for office employees, but the difference did not reach statistical significance. The odds of having hand dermatoses were higher for atopic subjects and for women. Orthodontists did not differ from general practitioners in respect of any of the complaints reported. Materials used in dentistry were mentioned as the cause of symptoms by 49 (21.5%) of the dental professionals. The present results show an increased risk of self-reported musculoskeletal symptoms for the dental professionals. Also, a tendency towards increased occurrence of skin symptoms was noted for the dental professionals compared to office employees of this study.