To examine the risk of 30-day postoperative mortality from transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) in patients with liver cirrhosis, who are reportedly at considerably increased perioperative risk.
For the period 1 January 1977 to 31 December 1993, a population-based cohort was identified comprising Danish patients diagnosed with liver cirrhosis and a random sample of Danes also undergoing TURP. Logistic regression models were used to estimate the association between liver cirrhosis, age, type of admission, comorbidity and 30-day mortality.
In a cohort of 23 133 patients with liver cirrhosis, 30 underwent TURP; 150 controls with no liver cirrhosis also underwent the same procedure. Of the patients with liver cirrhosis, 6.7% died within 30 days of TURP; the estimated adjusted odds ratio was 3.0 (95% confidence interval 0.4-22.9) for the 30-day postoperative mortality in patients with liver cirrhosis compared with patients without (mortality 2%). Advanced age, comorbidity and acute admission seemed to be associated with an increased postoperative mortality.
This study indicates that TURP in patients with liver cirrhosis was associated with increased mortality.