In the University Department of Surgical Gastroenterology, Arhus University Hospital, the frequency of complications to acute and elective cholecystectomy was investigated before and after introduction of laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
A retrospective survey turned up 1768 patients in the period of conventional open surgery (1974-1985) and 1432 patients in the laparoscopic period (1991-1998). All patients with exploration of the common bile duct were excluded.
In the open period 12 patients (0.68%) had lesions of the common bile duct requiring reconstruction. In patients operated on with laparoscopic cholecystectomy, lesions of the common bile duct were found in three patients (0.21%) (p = 0.06). Lesions of the cystic duct or an aberrant bile duct occurred in 14 patients (0.79%) during the open period and in 24 patients (1.7%) (p