To calculate the incidence of and determine possible risk factors for dementia in PD.
Dementia has important clinical consequences for patients with PD and their caregivers, but the incidence is unknown.
A population-based cohort of nondemented patients with PD (n = 171) from the county of Rogaland, Norway, was assessed at baseline and 4.2 years later with a comprehensive evaluation of motor, cognitive, and neuropsychiatric symptoms. The diagnosis of dementia was made according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 3rd edition, revised (DSM-III-R) criteria, based on interview of the patient and a caregiver, cognitive rating scales, and neuropsychologic tests. A representative sample of 3,062 nondemented elderly subjects without PD served as control group.
Forty-three patients with PD were demented at follow-up evaluation, equivalent to an incidence rate of 95.3 per 1,000 person-years (95% CI, 68.2 to 122.0). The risk for the development of dementia in patients with PD relative to the control subjects after adjusting for age, sex, and education was 5.9 (95% CI, 3.9 to 9.1). Predictive factors at baseline for dementia in PD in addition to age were Hoehn & Yahr score >2 (OR, 3.4; 95% CI, 1.3 to 8.6) and Mini-Mental State Examination score