Relationship between health, athletics, and studies was evaluated in students of medical schools in Tatarstan. The empirical basis of the study was investigation carried out in 1997-1999 in Kazan, Naberezhnye Chelny, Nizhnekamsk, Elabuga, Almetyevsk, Chistopol, and Menzelinsk. First-, second, and third-year students took part in the study. The majority of medical students did not go in for sports at all. Students lagging behind in their studies predominated among athlets. These data indicate that health and effective studies are in inverse proportion and that vocational training, upbringing, medical examinations, treatment, and prophylactic examinations of students should be corrected individually with consideration for social and economic conditions.