Division of Geriatric Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Occupational Therapy, and Elderly Care Research (NEUROTEC), Huddinge University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. email@example.com
The characterisation of the borderline syndrome between normal cognitive function and Alzheimer's disease (AD), often mentioned as Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) has been a goal for recent research. However, a variety of definitions of MCI-like syndromes and the uncertainty about the final diagnosis have hampered progress. To overcome these problems, the present study will describe cognitive function in two healthy mutation carriers and two matched non-carriers of the Swedish double mutation family, during the time period when carriers convert to a symptomatic stage, i.e., true preclinical AD, and finally into the stage when a clinical diagnosis of AD is first possible. The findings question the generality of common MCI concepts and the commonly held beliefs about cognitive features in late preclinical stage of AD.