Since 1980 many developed countries have planned and implemented health sector reforms of different scales and ambitions. Norway has been no exception, and the main political aspirations have been to increase efficiency and improve consumer choice and responsiveness. The major financial reform was the introduction of an activity based financing based on diagnostic related groups (DRG). Other central reforms include legislative rights for patients to choose hospital of their own choice, and the handing over of the responsibility of hospital based care form the county to the state. For some of these reforms mental health care is not included. The aim of the study is to appraise with examples from different countries whether it is feasible include metal health care into the reforms and whether the reforms in general are conducive for mental health care policy goals. The problems are elaborated and discussed at the level of technically and politically feasibility and the costs involved.