The goal of this study was to investigate predictive preictal risk factors for fatal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in a patient population with verified intracranial aneurysms without surgical selection of patients and with complete follow-up.
A total of 142 patients with 181 unruptured aneurysms diagnosed between 1956 and 1978 were followed up for a total of 2577 person-years until death, SAH, or the years 1997 to 2000. The predictive value of several factors known before SAH was tested for case fatality.
During follow-up, 34 first episodes of hemorrhage from a previously verified unruptured aneurysm occurred. Of these bleeding episodes, 17 were fatal. Patients who died after the bleeding had higher blood pressure values (mean+/-SD, 148+/-11/92+/-8 mm Hg; mean pressure, 111+/-9 mm Hg) before hemorrhage than did those with nonfatal bleeding (mean+/-SD, 135+/-15/83+/-11 mm Hg; mean, 101+/-12 mm Hg) (P