To evaluate morbidity and subjective outcome associated with hysterectomy either with or without pelvic or pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy for gynaecological cancer.
Ninety-nine patients who underwent hysterectomy with lymphadenectomy (n = 38) or simple hysterectomy (n = 61) for ovarian, endometrial and cervical cancer in Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland, were followed-up prospectively to determine the incidence of complications during a 1-year period after operation. Subjective outcomes were assessed using two questionnaires, 6 weeks and 1 year after operation. Hospital records of the patients were reviewed up to 6 years after operation.
During their hospital stay 58% of patients in the hysterectomy with lymphadenectomy group and 56% in the simple hysterectomy group experienced some type of complication. Serious complications occurred in four patients (10.5%) in the former group and in two patients (3.3%) in the latter group. In the study population overall, the incidence of subjective complaints increased from 18% of respondents 6 weeks after operation to 55% 1 year after operation. Most patients (95 and 92%, respectively) remained satisfied with the operation at both times of evaluation.
More than half of the patients experienced morbidity related to surgical treatment for gynaecological cancer. The incidence of complications and subjective complaints were unaffected by the type of operation.