To determine whether valproic acid (VPA) influences urinary levels of 15-F2t -isoprostane (15-F2t -IsoP), a marker of oxidative stress, in children.
Morning urine samples were collected from children with epilepsy receiving VPA (n = 25), carbamazepine (n = 16), or clobazam (n = 12) for > or = 4 weeks and from age-matched control subjects (n = 39). Urinary 15-F2t -IsoP levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.
The mean (+/- standard deviation) urine 15-F2t -IsoP levels (nmol/mmol Cr) were: valproic acid (0.36 +/- 0.15); carbamazepine (0.24 +/- 0.10); clobazam (0.23 +/- 0.10); control group (0.20 +/- 0.09). Patients treated with VPA had significantly elevated 15-F2t -IsoP levels when compared with the control, carbamazepine, and clobazam groups (P