Intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIG) use in the management of streptococcal toxic shock syndrome remains highly controversial. To evaluate the current management of severe group A streptococcal infections and the feasibility of a randomized controlled trial comparing immunoglobulins versus placebo for streptococcal toxic shock syndrome and/or necrotizing fasciitis, a 32-question mail and web-based survey of Canadian infectious disease specialists was conducted between December 2003 and February 2004. Overall, 172 respondents (90.5%) recommended immunoglobulins as adjunctive treatment of streptococcal toxic shock compared to 67 (35.3%) for fasciitis without toxic shock and 93 (48.9%) for invasive group A streptococcal infections with hypotension. A considerable proportion of respondents agreed that a randomized clinical trial in streptococcal toxic shock (70.1%, 131/187) and necrotizing fasciitis without toxic shock (88.2%, 162/186) would be ethical. From these, a great majority would be willing to enroll patients in a trial comparing IVIG to placebo for streptococcal toxic shock (125/131, 95.4%) and necrotizing fasciitis without shock (152/162, 93.8%). These initial results clearly demonstrate ambivalence in the utilization of intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIG) in invasive group A streptococcal infections in Canada and emphasize the need for further clinical data on immunoglobulin use in streptococcal toxic shock syndrome. They also demonstrate that, although the majority of physicians recommend immunoglobulins, there is important variability between physician recommendations with regard to the indications of use, dose, and time of administration.