Genotypic characteristics based three main factors of pathogenicity (presence of resident plasmids [pYV, pVM], gene of toxin-superantigen ypm and nine genes for high pathogenicity island [HPI]) of 212 strains of Y. pseudotuberculosis isolated in Siberia and Far East were studied. It was shown that strains of Y. pseudotuberculosis with one of two variants of plasmids 82:47 MDa and 47 MDa (60.8% and 31.6% respectively) are predominated. Gene ypmA was detected in 96.2% of isolated strains. Eight strains had none of the ymp gene variants. HPI were detected in 96.2% of isolated strains. Obtained characteristics of Y. pseudotuberculosis allowed to determine the dominating genogroup pWYV+, ypmA+, HPI- (95.8% of strains) that cause systemic infection.