Cardiovascular diseases and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are both associated with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). The aim of this study was therefore to analyse whether screening for AAA could be restricted to men with such diseases (high risk group).
Before the date of randomisation of a population screening trial of 12,639 64-73-year-old males, all discharge diagnoses from the National Patient Registry concerning AAA-related diseases were merged with the screening results on attendance, AAA prevalence, and AAA-related mortality and overall mortality. Differences in proportions were compared by Chi square tests and differences in mortality by Cox regression analyses.
The attendance rate was 78.8% and 6.7% had an AAA in the high risk group compared to 75.8% attendance (P