Home modification services are provided to support persons with functional limitations to live independently at home. It is not well known what causes individuals to apply for home modifications, or in what kind of life situation this need appears. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between performance of activities of daily living, housing and living situation, and the home modification applied for in a sample of home modification applicants. Further, the aim was to examine differences in performance of activities of daily living between subgroups with different social support. A total of 102 participants were included in the study. Data on performance of activities of daily living was collected through interviews in the participants' homes, using structured instruments. The participants reported high levels of independence in activities of daily living, and were using assistive devices to a large extent. However, the applicants clearly experienced difficulties in performing activities related to the applied home modification. The study indicates that the main reason for applying for Home Modification Grants was perceived difficulties in performance of activities of daily living. This stresses the importance of including other aspects besides independence when trying to understand persons' activity performance and planning for occupational therapy interventions.