we studied visual acuity (VA) and co-existing hearing impairment and poor standing balance as predictors of falls.
prospective study with 1-year follow-up.
research laboratory and residential environment.
428 women aged 63-76 years from the Finnish Twin Study on Aging.
participants were followed up for incidence of falls over 1 year. VA, hearing ability and standing balance were assessed at the baseline. The incidence rate ratios (IRR) for falls were computed using the negative binomial regression model.
during the follow-up, 47% of participants experienced a fall. After adjusting for age and interdependence of twin sisters, participants with vision impairment (VA of